They are also different among themselves. Thank you for taking the time to appear before us this morning. Kevin Page, President and CEO, Institute of Fiscal Studies and Democracy: Madam Chair and honourable members of the Standing Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples, thank you for your invitation. Those are by no means exhaustive, so First Nations or Indigenous communities developing their legislation can always build on those and add to them. Regardless of who that Indigenous governing body would be, there is historical discrimination against women in these spaces and many others. The Auditor General actually is currently completing a review on Child and Family Services, but their mandate is different than what I think we envision in the Spirit Bear Plan. Then I was forced to go into residential school and we had sewage. We need a national standard that is strong and then drops down provincially because every province is very different. As the Minister of Indigenous Services said in the other place, “Time is of the essence.” We have an opportunity before us to make an historic break from the past and focus on the safety and well-being of Indigenous children, youth and their families. I’ll read it to you: And whereas the Government of Canada acknowledges the ongoing call for funding for child and family services . The child’s cultural needs need to be considered. Ms. Wesley-Esquimaux: I think it needs to be needs-based. Module 2… There is aÂ grammatical format that you have to follow while writing your paper to make it sound credible. Thank you. That includes the important issue about First Nation persons who live in urban centres. Page: I also have the honour of sitting on a panel that was set up by a former minister of Indigenous Services Canada that deals with new fiscal relations. In the meantime, we have around $100 million per year that we use for projects in child family services that are related to initiatives around jurisdiction. You may also see theÂ course outline. Those are things that Canada should be putting in the binding text. Dr. Blackstock mentioned a need for a national data collection system for children in care. Page: Senator, I could echo what Francyne said about there being no perfect bill. In our studies, there were gaps in wages, capital and IT resources. In Alberta, for example, some nations are chomping at the bit. Module 1: Supervision, What Is It? When they come out of that system, they don’t feel very nice. So it’s dealing with those issues in a pre-emptive way. Learn about the Speaker’s roles in the Senate and beyond. In fact, we struggled to even find a workable definition of what this work would mean. The other one was the fact that the standards applied to them across the board are not reflective of the needs of the community and the families and where they are living. He’s looking really good these days. They are probably going to be placed in foster care. Ms. Joe: When I was listening to the last question posed to Dr. Blackstock about support for this bill, we know that it’s not a perfect bill, but we cannot continue to do this injustice to our children. My wife and I have cared for many children for many years, both kinship and legal. Start with the capital letter A. Based on over 25 years of research, our real-time, relevant data and personalized coaching energize and optimize your real world of work. So first, try to keep those kids in their communities and with their families. Again, it’s positive that the act talks about shifting a focus toward prevention. They can easily service First Nations members in their local area. Senator Tannas: Mr. Also, although they often get critiqued, they are actually about 50 per cent less likely to remove a child than non-Aboriginal agencies because they know about the extended family system. Standing Appa T-Shirt jemibroidery. I’ve had the opportunity to meet some of the people enhancing the capacity to generate statistics on the First Nations side. Get up to 50% off. We’re all mindful that in most cases, more than half of the community doesn’t live in the community; they live away from the community. I don’t know that, and I should not impose it. I have a PhD in social work and I am not qualified to sit and write regulations on my own. How can you resolve these big issues that are driving this force when this bill is coming in and doesn’t have the ability to look at housing, employment or colonization through residential schools, and all those oppressive policies that still exist in the Indian Act? The Chair: Is the Spirit Bear plan that you referred to in the black-line version? What are the approaches and principles of funding in order to support First Nations to develop and operate their own laws and institutions regarding children and families? If the kids leave the community, somebody who is taking those kids as foster kids, they get paid $1,200 no matter who they are — Filipino, White — but if they try to keep them in the community and give them to kin, they don’t get that kind of money. Ms. Blackstock: No, that’s an additional document that, to my knowledge, we haven’t provided, but we will provide it. If you do, I honestly want some kind of affirmation that the status quo is not going to continue to exist in Manitoba and that somehow you need to work with the Manitoba chiefs to iron this out. Ms. Blackstock: No, there has not. So surely the notion of “first steps” and “we are making progress” should not be satisfactory to anyone in this country. Ms. Wesley-Esquimaux: I agree. APPA > Login. This clause needs the same protection as clause 12. How are we to forestall the tragedy of the Sixties Scoop if First Nations don’t have any kind of jurisdiction over adoption? In fact, when I was in Natuashish, one of the teachers, her brother had one weekend where he was drinking. One reason for this is that your research paper will not look cramped; it is neat and organized to look at. We don’t really think about the implications of our actions, but the communities themselves are acutely aware. update (i.e completed “Assessment of Progress and Actions Taken” column)until all recommendations are fully implementedor otherwise addressed to the satisfaction of the PAC. We are, to my knowledge, the only Western country in the world that does not have a national data collection system. Before we begin, I would like to invite my fellow senators to introduce themselves. I think if you’re able to call the people who authored that Yellowhead Institute report, I think they may have more to offer on that than I do. Of course there will be a discussion. We have many instances of grandparents, aunts and uncles who want access to their kids who are under PGO, and there’s no real mechanism for that to happen. The actual decision-making about what went into the bill was done by the government itself. So we have something called the Touchstones of Hope where we invite community members to re-establish that. Jean-François Tremblay, Deputy Minister, Indigenous Services Canada: Thank you. Cynthia Wesley-Esquimaux, Formerly Minister’s Special Representative on Child Welfare, as an individual: Good morning, and thank you for the opportunity to come and speak to you. You will see a happier community. There were children in these communities as young as three years old going to group homes, which is totally inappropriate. I had one young woman say to me, “If they took me away from my mother because my mother was an unfit parent and put me in care, shouldn’t I be a better parent?” rather than being treated as if they were a lesser parent. I like the way, Mr. That’s what we want.” If you are going to do anything across this country to ensure we have safety, that’s where you need to put your attention. Part of what we’re looking at with all of our partners now is what that transition governance looks like, whether it’s a steering committee, working groups, those types of structures, to make sure those very important issues of funding, for example, can be addressed in a holistic way and in a distinctions-based way. Designs and Functions of Mugs to the Society. But they said, “If you sign them over, there is no guarantee that you will qualify to get these kids back because when you were 16, even though you are now 66, you had an infraction, and they will hold that against you; so there is a good chance you won’t get these kids anyway.”, Now what kind of choice is that to give a grandmother? This work was led by Dr. Helaina Gaspard, who is here with me today. We expect in the process when we co-develop, we work with the three national Indigenous associations, as you know. Let us continue to work together as equal partners to change child and family services for Indigenous children and families for the better and for the good. From shop SophsArtShopCo. Learn how the Senate represents you by subscribing to our eNewsletter. My sense is there’s a lot of capacity. So the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs (AMC) can go ahead and continue to work on their legislation. Page, who did a costing on your behalf or in collaboration with you. If you put self-determination on top of inequality, it is not going to realize the dreams of healthy families that this bill tries to promote. This funding cannot be structured like contribution agreements, which would still amount to federal and provincial governments controlling the ways in which Indigenous governing bodies use the money. Page: Senator, I applaud that the committee is pre-studying this before the bill is actually here. From shop jemibroidery. If we started tracking indicators of well-being, there is a range of indicators that I alluded to in my opening remarks, such as health, emotional strength, stability, literacy in their own languages and numeracy. Observe the use of parallelism. Grandparents in many of these Indigenous communities are pretty spry, and they are willing to take their grandchildren. Thank you. There is no reference to adoption. I talked to a lot of grandparents, and I felt that we have a really strong problem with ageism. When we look at this definition, it has no gender-based lens. Visit and evaluateÂ companies offices. They’re not poor. Senator LaBoucane-Benson: Patti LaBoucane-Benson, Treaty 6 territory, Alberta. As a country, we make a lot of errors. What does it mean they are going to get predictable funding? What do you think about that idea of active efforts? So we almost doubled the budget over the last few years, and it will continue to grow. Over the coming months, Indigenous Services Canada will be exploring the creation of distinctions-based transition governance structures that would have representation from Indigenous partners, provinces and territories. That would be a discussion in the transition and that would be the opportunity to have discussions about this. That was something that hadn’t existed in the bill previously. It is 16. So, I can get behind Dr. Blackstock’s vision. This legislation is not fixing everything. I would like to acknowledge, for the sake of reconciliation, that we are meeting on the traditional unceded lands of the Algonquin peoples. There were discussions among themselves. We know the legacy of that discrimination is enduring and creating a lot of complications for women, even being on reserve. But that comes to the question that was raised previously: How do you define engagement? In the work that we did with Dr. Gaspard, we asked, “Can we define a resourcing model that goes with that jurisdiction?”. Making an APA outline is the first thing to do in creating a structure on what will be written in the paper and how it is written. The second way this can be done is in an advisory capacity with another urban Indigenous organization delivering services. In this case, the law refers to “Indigenous” and “other children.” Is there data on those two groups, which I don’t think there is? Most of my shaping of the bill was through the tribunal — ongoing hearings are how I’ve been doing it. That’s the way we see it as distinctions-based. I think there are gaps, but we should talk about them in a context that resonates for First Nations people in terms of what those objectives should be and how big those gaps actually are. You are going to continue to have poverty at the community level and people suffering if you keep taking their kids. One is that I reject the false dichotomy that funding and jurisdiction are separate. Given that vulnerable children’s well-being is at stake, we can’t waste time with that kind of lack of jurisdictional clarity, so I would really recommend that something be put in there. Years ago, this committee was studying education and the funding gaps in education in the public school system versus the funding on reserve. With this outline, one could present an in-depth categorization of the relationship and hierarchy of ideas. The first limitation is the ambiguity in the definitions, particularly the definition of “Indigenous governing body” in clause 1. Wouldn’t it be wonderful if we ever found a government that saw the importance of it and was prepared to do the hard work to actually get something that made sense? We had 36 hours to analyze the legislation and provide that input to the minister. Senator Lillian Eva Dyck (Chair) in the chair. Yet that continues to be rebuffed in the versions of the bill. The process through which NWAC was engaged is the one that Ms. Joe described. if you don't already have one. Putting the reasons for that aside, I think this data needs to be generated by First Nations, indicators they see and that they will measure. The Chair: Thank you. Like the alphanumeric outline, the same organizationalÂ format is applied; however, in the full-sentence outlines, a complete sentence must be written at each level. It is a whole approach to children and families nested within community, across time and space, formed by ancestors and projecting forward to future generations. You need to put culture, family and resources to the family first. I don’t see that, necessarily, creating more agencies — in fact, kids said to me, “We don’t want more agencies or social workers. When we turn our minds, then, to the fact that we’re not going to be able to help you out on funding, should we pass this bill? How are you possibly going to give effect to that law if you don’t have available funding? I can say that the National Advisory Committee for First Nations Child and Family Services has given its full support for that second phase of research. Here are someÂ tips: Parallelism means the use of consecutiveÂ verbal constructions in a sentenceÂ that corresponds to the grammatical structure. It will be distinctions-based because, as I said, this is legislation that even if it provides some national standards and a national framework, it is based on the fact it is a more bottom-up approach. 1. The previous minister, Jane Philpott, had a memorandum of understanding with the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs. We need to recognize that that the capacity is already there. I fear this will maintain the status quo in many provinces, because they will say, “We already do this. I would like to thank our panel members for appearing. If some communities and jurisdictions are dealing with a different range of physical and emotional health issues or language issues so that more money needs to be spent, it could be adjusted. It’s more in the way they want to address it that it will be different. Then we would say, in our amendment or our suggestion, that if a funding agreement can’t be negotiated, this would automatically become the funding agreement within a year. But there were times when what we did was legislation that we called opting in and opting out, where First Nations can actually decide whether they will take it or not. From Indigenous Services Canada, we have Jean-François Tremblay, Deputy Minister; Joanne Wilkinson, Assistant Deputy Minister, Child and Family Services Reform Branch; Isa Gros-Louis, Director General, Child and Family Services Reform Branch. Having a good outline has more chances of you presenting a well-written research paper or essay. I think whenever we do true consultation, it needs to be clear what we’re discussing, why we’re discussing it and who’s participating. One is extending the mandate off reserve. This is not legislation where we’re trying to say this is the system in which you’re going to operate over the next years. This bill does focus a lot on the protection. Page, you talked about the need to have measurable outcomes in order to gauge the success of Bill C-92. I’m trying to find the section but I can’t. Substantive equality that takes full account of their unique histories, their circumstances, the historical disadvantage and the importance of their culture and their distinct rights as Indigenous children should be a floor for reconciliation. We’re not allowed to do that. We need to have those discussions to say exactly what will happen. Furthermore, the placement of Indigenous children into care is sometimes linked to poverty, intergenerational trauma or practices that don’t always take Indigenous cultural perspectives into account. But Canada is not imposing on itself any positive obligation to deal with the housing crisis in First Nations communities. Decorate your laptops, water bottles, helmets, and cars. Every community has people who provide safe houses. It goes on to lay out a number of principles after that. When they were given the resources, they made their own Bringing our Children Home Act, and the then minister announced it was going to be a pan-Canadian model and that she had an agreement with AFN. The headings usually have general information while the information contained in the sub-headings are more specific, and so on to more sub-headings. The second is a black-line version, because we have identified some shortcomings in a briefing note that you have where we think there could be improvements to Bill C-92. Visit and evaluate companies websites. The balance there is what I was actually looking at, not the money. And from the Institute of Fiscal Studies and Democracy, we have Kevin Page, President and CEO. But again ultimately how we target them, even in this clause with respect to outcomes, needs to be First-Nations-led, I believe. I think a bill that totally ignores the issue of resourcing in this context, given the disparities that exist across these indicators of well-being, is bothersome for me as somebody that has spent nearly my entire career in those central agencies and as a Parliamentary Budget Officer. Having a sloppy grammar makes your paper less impressive. Page. Give them the capacity, the mandate and the ability to provide those levels of service and care within urban areas. I think that would work. Do you think that kind of formula-based funding would be a way forward? It would be related to curriculum, so French schools, for example, receive additional funding for teaching the French language. There is a lot of work to do. I didn’t want to come here and just outline the problems. We will begin with opening remarks from Ms. Joe, followed by Mr. Can you describe how the bill is distinctions-based both in its development and its implementation? The resources are flowing out there. They don’t have five bedrooms. Though there are only a few differences between an alphanumeric outline and a full-sentence outline, you might still need a sample to illustrate these variations. The other important thing was the conversation around youth. Why didn’t you just help my mother?”. Provincial relations: I had an opportunity to speak to many of the ministries. Ms. Blackstock: If it remains as it is, then my worry is that the fate of First Nations, Inuit and Metis children is, again, subject to political priorities about what gets funded and what’s in the regulations. One of the ways agencies have resolved that, by the way, is many agencies are proximal to those urban centres. Whatever that might be right now, that’s fine. Today, I will highlight our concerns regarding the implementation of Bill C-92. 5 out of 5 stars (6) 6 reviews $ 50.00 FREE shipping Only 1 available and it's in 1 person's cart. It is clear that the voices of women who experience discrimination have not been included in the language of this bill. I grew up in Thunder Bay. If you’re a beginner in writing a research paperÂ or an essay and your instructor asked you to use the APA format, you may not have the faintest idea what APA means, let alone use the format. Many of them said, “We have urban dwellers, and as far as we’re concerned, no matter where they are, they are our members. They have to prove that they’ve done everything they can to preserve that family unit before a child is apprehended and placed in another family. We’ll see. However, if you have too many divisions, you need to use another heading or sub-heading. It doesn’t include post-majority care. There is historical amnesia to the point that Canada has known about the inequalities for First Nations’ children for at least 112 years. This is for the APPA update. We should be breaking out what is missing here in this principle. When I was in Natuashish, they said they wait with their lights going and the truck going, just waiting for somebody to make a wrong move so they can take their kids. Cindy Blackstock has said, “If this proposed legislation affirms First Nations jurisdiction, respects diversity among First Nations,” — yet there’s a pan-Canadian model; the two don’t meet — “protects the safety and well-being of First Nations children and families,” which it doesn’t, “and embeds a statutory funding base, then it has a foundation for success.”. In the context of all the research that has been done in Canada and around the world, the socio-economic impact of a dollar spent on a child, the return on that investment is considerable, many fold. Thank you very much for your presentations, and thank you, senators, for the questions. How would you see making these amendments? I think it is a criminal injustice in many ways that we cannot even tell you today with any accuracy how many kids are in care in the country, let alone how well those children are doing across the trajectory of their life. Oct 14, 2017 - How to Draw Appa from Avatar The Last Airbender step by step, learn drawing by this tutorial for kids and adults. Senator LaBoucane-Benson: Thank you very much for your presentation. Ms. Blackstock: Yes. The standards applied were totally inappropriate for the territory in which she was. It is available in French and English, and we will provide it. Francyne Joe, President, Native Women’s Association of Canada: Thank you. First Nations people represent just under 3 per cent of the total Canadian population, yet First Nations’ children make up 35 per cent of those in care. Your font style should be Times New Roman. There are a couple of possibilities in this legislation for members of the family to have access and care for the child. I think the court issue is also alive there because there are emergency protection orders, as I understand, in that particular legislation. It’s not going to be just local work that we do.”. I agree with you that it’s not properly defined. The Chair: Good morning. They don’t get the monies. . Ms. Blackstock: I know. My understanding is that we’re going to hear from Mr. You have to move down the list. Other fields of study also use the APA format but not limited to Business, Economics, Nursing, and Criminology. The United States, which has a national government and 50 U.S. states as well as a very rich diversity of Native American, Native Alaskan and Native Hawaiian cultures, has managed to create not one but two national data collection strategies for children. Women are essentially silenced in this bill, and they are so critical to raising their children. I will not reduce it just to a distinction of First Nations, Inuit and Metis. They don’t necessarily have the resources to do the succession planning that would make sense. I think that it ignores outcomes. If you like to add moreÂ than one subheading to your main heading, just by adding the next English alphabet in capital letters in the next subheading. It’s very clear that it needed to have a much stronger outreach to Indigenous women, not just those on reserve, but also those who live off reserve, and to Metis and Inuit women who might have different realities for their governance structures. Submit. There can be reciprocal arrangements between those different child-serving organizations, because it is vital that we pay absolute attention to the many children who are First Nations, Inuit and Metis living in urban centres. This is a framework to guide provinces and territories until such time as Indigenous communities develop their own legislation. I think you’re absolutely right. Again, establishing that appropriate baseline and then adjusting for demographics, inflation, remoteness and allowing these jurisdictions to move money around from protection to prevention and including prenatal care, so they have this flexibility, I think there’s definitely a formula there. Thinking about what Cynthia shared with us, one of the pieces of this legislation I’ve been thinking a lot about is the best interests of the Indigenous child and how that is formulated. They can’t show anger or sadness because they will get moved if they are not cooperative or not being the nice kids that people want to take care of. In fact, we will be shortly providing the committee with improvements suggested by the Chiefs of Ontario and the Innu Nation. They made her empty out her house so she could create two separate bedrooms and later learned that children can stay in the same room until they are 12 years old, and these were two little girls. This one little eight-year-old kid who is living in a group home and has been there since he was five, just cried and said, “Why did they do this? What would you suggest to bring human rights issues to raising children and providing focus and direction? Page. Funding enables the expression of that inherent right. However, they represent 52.2 per cent of children in care in private homes. Given the nature of the data we’re talking about and the way it needs to be collected — and I know Dr. Gaspard is a big believer of this — we can’t wait five years. Some, the chief and council or representative of the chief and council, attended and said, “We’re going to work with our families to do this.” Others, they already have stand-alone situations set up. Senator McPhedran: Thank you, everybody, for being here with us today. Then you need accountability mechanisms back to that child’s community of origin. Senator LaBoucane-Benson: I come from a court worker background. 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