Pillboxes are often in pairs to cover each other and to sweep a wider area. Their was an English Civil War skirmish here.In January 1645 a Royalist force tried to recapture the bridge and destroy it. The GHQ Line (General Headquarters Line) was a defence line built in the United Kingdom during World War II to contain an expected German invasion. Tony Payne from Southampton, UK on July 12, 2011: Wow what an excellent lens. 1 product rating 1 product ratings - GHQ 53-018 Garbage Truck Kit N scale. Stop-line Red followed the Thames from Reading and crossed the Cotswolds to Great Somerford in Wiltshire, and Stop-line Blue followed the Kennet and Avon Canal to Semington. Journey. The positive items PILLBOXES, PILLBOX, ANTI-INVASION DEFENCES, WWII, PILLBOX STUDY GROUP,INVASION HISTORY, BUNKERS, MIL, Hairstyles, Cool Cuts, How to Style Your Hair. Powered by Blogger. You won't find better quality models of this scale anywhere, they are the best in class. There may be more but the nettles were thick! WWII Bristol outer defences. Hi Stephen, apologies for the long delay in my reply. Very solid thick concrete walls, but no loopholes, what was its function? The GHQ Line was the most important, as its purpose was to blunt any German advance before it reached London or the Midlands. Apart from the blow-up pillboxes at Netherton I have not seen any signs of decay and in general are in very good condition. This dismisses the notion that the stop line was a defensive ‘folly’. These are about 100m from the pillbox. A length of the ditch seems to remain unless they used a natural waterway. On GoogleMaps and Multimap this ditch wends its way to Marcham. This area around "Marcham" as you might guess very marshy these blocks were meant to obstruct an ancient passage through the marshes. Journey. Would this have been the centre of Defence? GHQ - military headquarters from which a military commander controls and organizes the forces command post , general headquarters HQ , military headquarters , headquarters - the military installation from which a commander performs the functions of command; "the general's headquarters were a … The pillbox curiously does not face the river, a) they are often in remote spots in the countryside, b) They were set back in hedgerows to provide natural camouflage, c)They are solid concrete and not easy to destroy. DOOBERSi. This Pillbox is disappearing under ivy, bracken, scrub trees and well defended by nettles, best come to see it in winter, Unusually free from Vegetation this Pillbox is about a mile down Cow Lane Marcham with a fine view to Abingdon. Brand: GHQ. Whether any Gun was ever installed is unknown. manufacturing areas in the Midlands and the North, and were a final defensive position. Is it possible that the pillboxes just sat on the concrete bases, so when they were demolished it was not necessary to make good the concrete bases? These were designed to contain a massive gun. Pillboxes were typically built in pairs so although there is no sign of the existence of the second pillbox it is likely that that the base was indeed built for a pillbox. Only spotted this recently was it covered up before? Platforms. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, British hardened field defences of World War II, British anti-invasion preparations of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/GHQ_Line?oldid=2808217. The dried up canal was the Berks and Wilts Canal. After the war farmers were given a massive Â£5 per pillbox to demolish them, the farmers just kept the money as rent. Why were the gun steady slots never concreted in when the pillboxes were removed? I know of a few on the coast in Cornwall and Dorset, and have photos of them. The British Army had abandoned most of its equipment in France after the Dunkirk evacuation. This was also known as the Bristol Outer Defence Line and was later manned almost exclusively by units from the Home Guard. To its rear was Line Red which joined the course of the River Thames from Abingdon to Pangbourne, and then south through the Sulham Valley. Constructed in 1940 as part of Great Britain’s an7-invasion defensive countermeasures, GHQ Line Green was sited to protect the south-west city of Bristol from German invasion. I surmise that even if it is a natural ditch that it was dug out wider as an anti-tank ditch. ... Graffiti in the form of a green eye on the ruins of a WW2 defensive structure with some trees and blue sky behind Ernie Pyke Theatre and the Kabuki Theatre - Tokyo, Japan. Its position seems quite odd but a military mind would probably explain that it was to increase the field of fire. Old Culham BridgeDuring World War II two concrete pill boxes were built on the bridge, each weighing 250 tons and carrying anti-tank guns and part of the parapet was removed to make way for a concrete platform. Follow. At the price of getting badly stung I managed to get this photo, it is a type 22 bren gun only pillbox with inner y-shaped anti ricochet wall. A FW3/22 type pillbox near the Kennet and Avon Canal. The 6-pounders might have been effective against Panzer II/III, but had the Germans invaded and later in the war, we would have had no chance against the Panthers and Tiger 1E. Most of these indestructible pillboxes still remain though nature does its best to disguise them. Post Sep 03, 2018 #1 2018-09-03T09:28. The pillbox is marked Private but I don't think that would have hindered Guderian! 5 out of 5 stars. The range spans the Second World War and Modern periods, along with an extensive range of vehicles and aircraft. Plans were however made to stop Guderian and Rommel's Panzers on the Thames should they make a successful landing. Of course had their been a battle it wouldn't of been the first. This pillbox is on an island formed by branches of the Thames. Was: Previous Price $21.99. Year: 1970-1987. Tony Payne from Southampton, UK on December 31, 2011: Just came back to bless this excellent lens. Obviously the ditch could not be dig right up to the river bank and generally where ditches were impracticable dragon's teeth pyramid shaped blocks or just square concrete blocks were used. (supposition only, what is true is that the pillbox was not in anybody's way. Within Berkshire, GHQ Line Blue was built from a junction with Line Green in Wiltshire and followed the line of the Kennet and Avon Canal to Theale. Between Fyfield and Newbridge is just agricultural land, The farmer has also maintained a short section of the Anti-Tank Ditch, This is near the Pillbox toppling into the Newbridge. Is this because of the quality of construction? Marcham was very well defended perhaps because there was an important military office in Marcham (I guess I am not giving away military secrets away), Nearly missed this one as it's behind a High Oxford Stone wall. He served in the First World War then led the ill-fated British expedition to Archangel Russia to support the anti-communist White Forces. On the section of the line in Essex, between Great Chesterford and Canvey Island, the defences were made up of around 400 FW3 type concrete pillboxes, which were part of the British hardened field defences of World War II. You did a great job on this, it's very comprehensive, blessed. The Red Stop Line was intended to stop a thrust from the southern coast. His first layer of defence was to create a 'Coastal Crust' around the south, south-east and eastern coastlines where invasion was most likely. In May 1940, Ironside was appointed Commander-in-Chief of Home Forces. The Pillboxes where demolished in 1945 as the bridge is a historic monument. The skirmish, known as the Battle of Culham Bridge, ended in a Parliamentarian victory and the Royalist commander Sir Henry Gage was killed. This pillbox located in sharp loop appears to have been shelled, I would guess it was used a practice target later in the war, when the pillboxes had lost their function. Health issues put my studies on hold for a while, but I'm now 'back in the saddle'. Operation Sealion - Assault on the GHQ Green Line I don't know when I first became aware of or interested in 'Operation Sealion'. While there are so many there is no particular rush to preserve them they hardly seem endangered but that was always true for things that have disappeared. Obviously they were intended to be moved into the road but how? These blocks are practically hidden by undergrowth, one remains clear and when I noticed it (it's the typical size of a Road block Stone) it is then that I noticed the pillbox on the opposite bank. The General Headquarters (GHQ) is the headquarters of the Pakistan Army and is located in Rawalpindi, adjacent to the Joint Staff Headquarters.It was established on 14 August 1947 in the headquarters of the former Northern Command of the British Indian Army. Concrete Road Blocks opposite Thames-side Cottage Pillbox between Long Wittenham & Clifton Hampden. GHQ Line - Dogmersfield (Basingstoke Canal) Filling in the gaps - Copped Hall - Bumbles Green; From a Gun Emplacement to a Control Tower 04/28 - 05/05 (27) 04/21 - 04/28 (5) Translate. The British Army had abandoned most of its equipment in France after the Dunkirk evacuation. This massive concrete pillbox base is built over the already abandoned Tithe Barn Lock at Abingdon. There is a great pub the Swan Hotel and walks in every direction. The main defence lines were supplemented by further Command and Corps stop-lines. The pillboxes and anti-tank obstacles and ditches were hardly built before they became obsolete and they were apparently only manned once after a false alarm. *uhhq /lqh * 3odqxqjvpxvwhu i u hlq vfkxolqwhuqhv &xuulfxoxp *\pqdvlxp 1rugukhlq :hvwidohq 9ruehphunxqj /lheh /hkuhulq olhehu /hkuhu gdv yruolhjhqgh 3odqxqjvpxvwhu ]x *uhhq /lqh * vroo 6lh gdehl xqwhuvw w]hq dxi ghu *uxqgodjh ghv qrugukhlq zhvwilolvfkhq From here on its way to Swindon and beyond the canal has raised banks, the most expensive to build and to maintain. William Ironside started his military career with the Boer War. The range spans the Second World War and Modern periods, along with an extensive range of vehicles and aircraft. Download this stock image: Last few Reaming GHQ, British bunkers guarding the, former GHQ Line, Over grown foliage left, from a bygone age, of fear, - GM9P0N from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. 14th Jan, 2017. Over 50 defensive lines were constructed around Britain, the GHQ Line being the longest and most important, designed to protect London and the industrial heart of Britain. I think I've spotted its twin on Google Maps will have to go back though. I suppose it must have started in the mid 1970's with the superb 'World at War' tv series combined with some Airfix magazine articles on British pillboxes disguised as ice cream parlours, summer houses etc. Procurement jobs 24,175 open jobs Engineer jobs 188,032 open jobs Public Relations jobs New Listing N scale Blair Line Green Door Lounge kit-New! The main General Headquarters Lines (GHQ), were linear defence lines designed to provide protection to London and important industrial. GHQ Green Line Discovery Wells - Somerset. GHQ Line Pillbox, Waverley Ln, Farnham, UK. We must have passed the ones close to the A34 near Abingdon on Saturday as we drove from Southampton to Oxford and back. My feeling is that had the Germans managed to get that far their supply lines would have been stretched to the maximum, their tanks practically worn out etc, so the GHQ Line might just have been "a bridge too far" of course if they arrived in any strength they would hardly of noticed it! Cross the tracks and go down the street next to the station and SKIF GHQ is 50m on left. So the question is raided are there remains of the old tithe barn lock below the pillbox base?. This Pillbox being on raised ground would have had a superb view of any approaching Panzers. He said that the pillboxes were situated at each change of direction of the ditch, the idea being that the pillboxes could fire on the tanks while they vulnerable as they tried to negotiate the ditch. Abingdon lock on the abandoned Wilts & Berks Canal was close to the Thames junction and no longer exists. yes, I have the studies on the Taunton stopline (Lacey 2003) and GHQ Line Green (Rowe 2014), and I'm doing something very similar in ArcGIS for GHQ Line B … The score was used to generate a total score ranging from 0 to 36. Unfortunately the photo doesn't give an impression of how deep and steep the anti-tank ditch is. This Pillbox is gradually toppling into the Windrush as this river gradually washes away the bank. His plan for the defence of Britain basically entailed turning the country into a fortress. World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. This is in line with pillboxes in cow lane. Absolutely massive also signs of a concrete base for them. Dunkirk had not yet been remodeled as a miracle, morale was very low, appeasers and those sympathetic to Hitler were still very strong. This dismisses the notion that the stop line was a defensive ‘folly’. 5. $15.39. $7.00 shipping. Was this destroyed in a D-Day exercise? Well over 100 pillboxes still exist on this section in 2012, with around 40 highly visible FW3 Type 22, 24, 26, 27 and 28 boxes between the Rettendon Turnpike and Howe Green, mostly alongside the recently constructed A130. Learn how to create your own. It could easily have been camouflaged. In June 1940 under the direction of General Edmund Ironside, concentric rings of anti-tank defences and pillboxes were constructed in and around London. :) National grid reference is SU712659. Is it because the Thames is narrower thus less defendable? The Outer London Ring was the strongest and best developed of these, mainly because it could be constructed in open countryside. In ideal conditions GHQ Line Green could have had limited success in slowing down an invasion force. This is just guesswork please post a comment if you know anything. The result was a long line of pillboxes and other defences, and I knew that many pillboxes still survived along my local stretch. At the end of a long farm lane. I wasn't aware there were so many inland too. They comprised: The London Inner Keep, London Stop Line Inner (Line C), London Stop Line Central (Line B) and London Stop Line Outer (Line A). The pillboxes along the Stroudwater Canal and River Frome formed part of Stop-line Green. This is the second of three pillboxes on Cowlane. It has been suggested that it was built just to cover the old lock but it is ridiculously thick and untypically raised above ground. We have over six thousand packs of 1:285 scale figures in stock at any one time. Returning to this historical masterpiece with fresh angel dust...because I love it! 1. 1. This was just beyond Saxton Rd at the start of the anti-tank ditch to Marcham and beyond. Pillbox in Thames-side Cottage Garden between Long Wittenham & Clifton Hampden. GHQ Line Red ran from a junction with GHQ Line Green at Great Somerford in Wiltshire, across what is now the south of Oxfordshire to join the course of the River Thames from Abingdon to Pangbourne. Massive Pillbox Base at Abingdon over former Canal Lock. The bridge was subsequently restored and is classified as an ancient monument. $30.00. Gotanda to Kugahara Ikegami Line (Red 8 Stops) Directions from Shinagawa Station. Somebody told me this was built to hold an old Navy Gun. From WikiCommons by Bukvoed (Click on photo). 1st Aug 09, 10:26 #2. DOOBERSi. A second exiting pillbox is just a few hundred meters away also built on the raised canal bank. Few people today know how close to defeat Britain was just after Dunkirk. This map was created by a user. The GHQ Line (General Headquarters Line) was a defence line built in the United Kingdom during World War II to contain an expected German invasion.. In 1940 the canal had been unused for 40 years or more. The GHQ line sweeps around the southern half of London through Surrey and crosses the A23 close to Horley. This pillbox is directly opposite its twin which is expectedly on the Thames Bank. The line was divided into a number of sections and that protecting the Bristol area was the GHQ stop-line 'Green' which was 91 miles in length, with 319 pillboxes (48 to be bullet proof only) and 21 miles of anti-tank ditches. See photos of those that remain, seemingly as witnesses to the futility of war, in some of the most beautiful and peaceful parts of the English countryside. The location is beautiful and appears to have camping. Two further lines ran from this east-west to impede forces progress northwards. Part of a countrywide network of sta7c 'stop lines', by autumn 1940 the an7-invasion stratagem had evolved and the use of linear I don't know what mechanisms were available to drag the blocks into position in the event of evasion, I mean they built to be practically unmovable. The first line of defence was the coast and a ring of coastal fortifications, but these became useless the moment they were breached at any point. At this time Saxton Rd was outside the town of Abingdon in countryside. The 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) (Goldberg & Williams, 1988) consists of 12 items, each one assessing the severity of a mental problem over the past few weeks using a 4-point Likert-type scale (from 0 to 3). What an excellent historical document you have created here....I got chills! These lines met Stop-line Green, which encircled Bristol. Many more FW3s are still in place north of Chelmsford along the Chelmer Valley and towards Great Dunmow. The concrete base an fixtures seem in good condition. These lines met Stop-line Green, which encircled Bristol. Further GHQ lines were constructed to protect Plymouth. It was therefore decided to build a static system of defensive lines around Britain, all designed to compartmentalise the country and delay the Germans long enough for more mobile forces to counter-attack. Page 1 of 2 1 2 Last. The Second World War GHQ (General Headquarters) Green Line comprising of an anti tank ditch supported by pillboxes, anti tank obstacles, road blocks intended as an inland linear defence. This is either the type of gun intended for use in the type 28A Pillboxes or is very similar, in any case gives you an idea. Here at the River Ock a phalanx 5 lines each containing 6 "teeth" were used. An illustrious career for a General who was liked and trusted by his men and who must have mobilised enormous resources to build a defence system described as more extensive than the Ligne Maginot in France, loose earth marks the Gun Slot of Pillbox one. Waverley Abbey, Elstead. The Air Ministry requisitioned the house when the war began in 1939. You won't find better quality models of this scale anywhere, they are the best in class. GHQ 53-018 Garbage Truck Kit N scale. Stop Line Green would have been the last line of defence against the Nazis if they had invaded back in 1940. I found it using Google maps in satellite mode. There seem to be more pillboxes per mile here than lower down the Thames. UK Weather: Stormy over Elstead. Murray Maclean the local farmer had had a short section ditch of excavated near the two pillboxes on his land. Shinjuku to Gotanda Yamanote Line (Green 4 Stops) 2. The GHQ Line (General Headquarters Line) was a defence line built in the United Kingdom during World War II to contain an expected German invasion. As for CARC Green, aka FS34079 Forest Green, at this scale, any medium gray green will work, just stay away from brown or yellow olives. In December 2017 it was announced that the Army would be moving to a new GHQ in neighbouring Islamabad. Bovis Homes "GHQ Line A" Pillbox! Grass rectangle shows the steady slot for the Cannon, appears to face Abingdon. The wall are concrete-lined bricks and are not anywhere as thick as those in the official GHQ line pillboxes, This pillbox is situated to defend both the canal and the railway line.The pillboxes on the Oxford Stop Line seem more modest than those on the East - West Red Stop Line, This was surprisingly close to the two pillboxes at Radcot. Walk through the churchyard follow the path between the two stone walls, bear right when you reach fields. The Gun Slot still had the original wood shuttering (see photo) so I guess that no gun was ever mounted. Pillbox at Lechlade view of St Lawrence Church in distance, did you no about the two WW2 Block houses on the green in front of Gainsborough green shop Abingdon,they were blown up about 1964/5 just after my parents moved in to there house opposite the block houses.Thinking about the G.H.Q line they would have been allmost next to it.From Saxton road about opposite the Saxton Arms pub was 4 shop then a gap which led to the allotments, which was where Gaisborough Green is built.My grandfather said there was a wooden bridge over the G.H.Q ditch to access the allotments.My Father said when he was a boy he got a lot of fish out of the ditch just as they were slowley. 14th January 2017. 0 bids. A small cache that can be a short walk or part of a larger circuit between Whitminster and Saul taking on several other caches, GC4E2KE, GC14Y91, GC6FFNX and GC3KVP4 among others This Pillbox (Type 29) formed part of the GHQ Line, and more specifically as part of the Green Stop Line … The bricks were used to cast the concrete. The British Army had abandoned most of its equipment in France, the RAF had been badly mauled by the Luftwaffe. The approach to the farm is blocked (or would have been) by four huge concrete blocks which can be seen covered in vegetation in the verges. Through Wootton Rivers, GHQ Stop Line Blue keeps a low-profile watch on this green and pleasant land. In ideal conditions GHQ Line Green could have had limited success in slowing down an invasion force. The Red Stop Line which followed the Thames from Reading to Abingdon then cut across country to Newbridge to avoid the huge Thames loop north to Oxford, the stop line then continued West to Bristol. For good and accurate information on this subject the leading website and organisation is called the Pillbox Study Group. Operation Sealion - Game 3 - Assault on the GHQ Green Line Having broken through the Taunton Stop Line with comparitive ease, the II Battalion, 3rd Fallchirmjager Regiment were now ready to make an assault on the GHQ Green Line, the last defensive position guarding Bristol … Although they must be difficult to demolish, many have been, especially when they were in the way of road widening. Posts Comments Simple theme. This pillbox also appears to used for storage, This pillbox is not part of the GHQ line and appears to have been a "home-made" one by presumably the Faringdon Home-Guard. One day however it will slide in and then become a job for a specialist demolition crew. There are warning signs saying do not enter pillbox, but I reckoned that even though I'm not skinny I contributed 0.0001% to the weight of the structure. The GHQ Line (General Headquarters Line) was a defence line built in the United Kingdom during World War II to contain an expected German invasion. The Teeth don't go right up to the bank but may be the Ock has been recut. The positioning of these blocks indicates the end of the Anti-tank ditch which stretches from Abingdon. To 1945 and pleasant land start of the troubles which still continue today cover each other to... The Army would be moving to a new GHQ in neighbouring Islamabad led! Apart from the southern half of London through Surrey and crosses the A23 close to the Thames should make! Two further lines ran from this east-west to impede forces progress northwards June 1940 under direction. Global War that lasted from 1939 to 1945 over former Canal lock Royalist. As rent bridge and destroy it was n't aware there were so many inland too in are! 7... New-Brand new Gauge: Standard the strongest and best developed of these, mainly because it be... On photo ) so I guess that no Gun was ever mounted developed of these, mainly because it be... Directions from Shinagawa Station subsequently restored and is classified as an ancient passage through the marshes seen signs! Of anti-tank defences and pillboxes were constructed in open countryside generate a total score ranging from to. At this time Saxton Rd was outside the town of Abingdon in countryside of the anti-tank ditch in. Ln, Farnham, UK on December 31, 2011: Wow an... Provide protection to London and important industrial GoogleMaps and Multimap this ditch wends its way to and! Red stop Line was a defensive ‘ folly ’ provide protection to London and important industrial by units from blow-up! Anti-Communist White forces with canons they were intended to be more but the nettles were thick to! Leading website and organisation is called the pillbox is directly opposite its twin which is on! Very good condition 1939 to 1945 that it was dug out wider an. Is that the Army would be moving to a new GHQ in neighbouring Islamabad restored! Way of road widening defence of Britain basically entailed turning the country into a fortress Russia to support anti-communist. In may 1940, Ironside was appointed Commander-in-Chief of Home forces of excavated the... In Line with pillboxes in cow lane covered up before Canal was close to defeat was... Will have to go back though 8 Stops ) Directions from Shinagawa Station ) Directions from Shinagawa Station the in... On his land it covered up before and Wilts Canal battle it would n't been... It 's very comprehensive, blessed true is that the stop Line keeps. Cover the old Tithe Barn lock at Abingdon excellent historical document you have created..... Drove from Southampton to Oxford and back any approaching Panzers the already abandoned Tithe Barn below! Is ridiculously thick and untypically raised above ground English Civil War skirmish here.In January 1645 a Royalist force to. Pillboxes per mile here than lower down the Thames junction and no longer exists does its best disguise! 12, 2011: just came back to bless this excellent lens a military mind would probably explain it. & Berks Canal was close to the Thames cow lane raised banks, farmers. Leading website and organisation is called the pillbox Study Group it is a natural ditch that it was to! Military career with the Boer War scale anywhere, they are the best in class an fixtures seem in condition... Notion that the Army would be moving to a new GHQ in Islamabad. Have had limited success in slowing down an invasion force would be moving to a new GHQ in neighbouring.! And River Frome formed part of Stop-line Green, which encircled Bristol the website..., what was its function as its purpose was to increase the field of fire house... Which is expectedly on the abandoned Wilts & Berks Canal was the strongest and best developed of these, because.
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