Narrator: 83 degrees 23 minutes 8 seconds North. George Rice (Justin Mader): "There's a hard trip before Shorty and myself. It would follow him for the rest of his life. Narrator: Whatever their reasons for being there, some of Greely's men were already distinguishing themselves. Narrator: If Henrietta was ever going to see her husband again, she would have to turn the will of Congress, the Army, and the President. Reluctantly, the men dragged the supplies and their two fragile whaleboats onto an ice floe. On August 1, 1884, a rescue vessel pulled into the harbor of Portsmouth, New Hampshire carrying First Lieutenant Adolphus Greely and the five other remaining survivors of the Lady Franklin Bay Expedition. They had been drawn from a small pool of Army volunteers; none of the soldiers had ever been north; few had even been to sea. It's amazing that they didn't all die. _____ Washington, D.C. March 1, 1884. Adolphus Greely joined the United States Army in 1861. He took his orders and he did what he was told to do. Library of Congress Jim Lotz, Writer: There was an effort to cover up and to conceal the cannibalism but there's no way you can make any information system airtight. It's a horrid place. Just so huge and so uncaring and so vast in that very, very real sense that makes you feel so insignificant. Drawing on the examples of Rice and Brainard, he cultivated an atmosphere of shared sacrifice, giving his rations to a sick companion, or taking on unpleasant chores himself. Brainard was the key to the plan -- the men would follow their first sergeant. Kevin R. Wood/NOAA, St. John's Recreations Directed by First Sergeant David Brainard is known for capturing the title of "Farthest North" in April of 1882 while a member of the Lady Franklin Bay scientific expedition in the Arctic. Francis B. Heitman. [2] The expedition also was commissioned by the US government to collect astronomical and polar magnetic data, which was carried out by the astronomer Edward Israel, who was part of Greely's crew. By the end of August they knew that the ship wasn't coming. As for the Army's senior command, the whole affair was a pointless distraction from the Indian Wars in the West. Both opened new frontiers and added to man’s knowledge of the unknown. There was glory to be gained. Matt Snedecor For three centuries England had held the honors, but no more. Jim Lotz, Writer: Rice had some experience of boats. Adolphus Washington Greely, U.S. Army officer whose scientific expedition to the Arctic resulted in the exploration of a considerable amount of terrain on Ellesmere Island, Canada, and on coastal Greenland, where he also set a contemporary record … Believing he was obeying orders, the lieutenant made the expedition abandon this refuge and push further south over some of the most treacherous waters on Earth, a trip that reduced him to the edge of a nervous breakdown. iStockfootage/Getty Images Narrator: Greely was stunned at the barrenness of their surroundings, but he took heart from the thought that they had made it to within reach of safety. At the new limit of the known world they flew a flag Henrietta had sewn, and carved the logo of Brainard's favorite beer into the rocks. An epic story of adventure, abandonment and human tragedy, The Greely Expedition tells of an 1881 scientific mission to the Arctic that ended with death and rumors of cannibalism. This place is situated in Pine County, Minnesota, United States, its geographical coordinates are 45° 44' 41" North, 93° 4' 5" West and its original name (with diacritics) is Greely. Naval History and Heritage Command He figured he could handle himself. Ever since being rebuffed by the Secretaries of Navy and War, she had urged the mounting of another rescue mission. The two men took shelter behind an iceberg. That night, as Greely slept, three men approached Brainard with a plan. At Godhavn, Greenland, they picked up two Inuitdogsled drivers, as well as physician Octave Pierre Pavy and Mr. Clay who had continued scientific studies instead of returning on Florence with the remainder of the 1880 Ho… General Greely died on October 20, 1935, in Washington, D.C., and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia. Sign up for the American Experience newsletter! Greely was captivated by the study of the earth's climate, and by the belief that the key lay in the Polar Regions. The Banff Centre The dark, Arctic winter was tough on many members of the team. "On the opposite side was a poor fellow without hands or feet, with a spoon tied to the stump of his right arm. [citation needed], In 1906, he served as military commander over the emergency situation created by the San Francisco earthquake. In the 1870s, Greely developed an interest in the Arctic region; he also heard of a potential exploratory mission to the far North. Jim Lotz, Writer: Morale plummeted, just went straight through the floor. Jay Fialkov Greely forbade his men from lying down during the day, so they would sit at benches arguing. This was the thing that overshadowed the whole, the achievement of the expedition. See more ideas about polar, expedition, franklin expedition. 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